JHPC Meeting: AAPSU says No Citizenship for Chakmas, CCRCHAP returns Home Shamefully


ITANAGAR, APRIL 26: It was proved time and again that Joint High Power Committee (JHPC) is of no use for the Chakmas and Hajongs as it cannot bring any solution to the issue. And moreover, the case is pending in the Supreme Court of India and therefore there is no reason why CCCRHAP should attend this JHPC in spite of opposition from all the Chakmas of Arunachal Pradesh.

Like always, CCRCHAP members cannot put forth their arguments well and had to come back home empty handed by spending money, collected from the public. It is to be mentioned that CCRCHAP have decided to attend the JHPC meeting without consulting the General public. It has been years they are operating without the mandate of the public. This 17th April, the Chakmas of Arunachal Pradesh have disowned them and formed another organisation to fight for all the rights of the Chakmas. The organisation named as Chakma Rights and Development organisation will lead by Mahendra Chakma who is a graduate of IIM Lucknow.

The Chakmas feel that CCRCHAP has no moral authority to represent the Chakmas anymore. They lack democratic principles and do not have the character and competency to fight for the citizenship rights of the Chakmas anymore.

In this JHPC AAPSU has reiterate that they will not accept citizenship to the Chakmas and Hajongs at any cost. Please go through the detailed press release sent by the Dy. Spoke Person of AAPSU, Nepha Wangsa.

Here’s complete press released by AAPSU

The 5th Joint High powered Committee regarding Chakma and Hajong refugee issue was convened under the chairmanship Satyendra Garg Joint Secretary (North East) MHA attended by Anil Malik, Joint Secretary (Foreingeers), MHA, MDCNS, New Delhi Sri G.S Meena Secretary political & Home Government of Arunachal, Deputy Commissioners, Principal Chief Conservator of Forest, AAPSU executives members and legal advisors Adv. Nabam Jollaw and adv. Marto Karto, Chakma and Hajong representatives from CCRCHAP.

The AAPSU President Hawa Bagang in his detail deliberation put forward that the indigenous people of the State would never accept the granting of citizenship rights to Chakma and Hajongs in state of Arunachal Pradesh. He also cited about the legal provisions in which the State of Arunachal Pradesh and the people of the State protected under different Regulations.

The AAPSU apprehended regarding the enrolment of Chakma and Hajong in the electoral roll and that no fresh enrolment should be done since the Chakma and Hajong are not the citizen of India.

Some of the view points put forward by AAPSU President are.

The historical backgrounds of Chakmas itself proves that they are foreigners to the land of Arunachal Pradesh.

As per the Khudiram Chakma case in the Hon’ble Guwahati High Court, sates that On 30th March 1964, altogether 57 Chakma families migrated to India from erstwhile Pakistan due to disturbances and fear prevailing at that time and took shelter in a government camps.

  • Firstly, they came to Assam and temporarily settled at Ledo, Dibrugarh District in Assam. Again, they were taken to Bettiah in Bihar.
  • Thereafter, they were taken back on the request of GOI, in consultation with the Governor of Assam, Shri Vishnu Sahay and were kept in a designated camp at Abhayapur Block in Diyun of Tirap District in 1966.
  • After, 1966 the Chakmas without residing at designated camps, began to encroached the land of the Tribals. They started shifting haphazardly to Kokila-Holongi, Subansiri (now Papum Pare), some shifted to Oyan in Siang District (now East Siang), while some shifted to Chowkham (now Namsai district), some of them shifted to Diyun, Bordumsa, Miao in Changlang District.
  • In Oyan/Sille, the Chakmas were shifted back on protest by local inhabitants.
  • While in Abhyapur, they negotiated with local Raja “Ningrunong Singpho” who donated one square mile area of his land by way of gift deed dated 20th Nov.1972.
  • Meanwhile, some Deori families tried to encroach the land donated by Singpho Raja, on which Chakmas complained to EAC, Miao on 30th May 1977.
  • Thereafter, the EAC, Miao on instruction of Government, the then Union Territory of Arunachal Pradesh, cancelled the land gift deed and issued eviction notice to the Chakmas.
  • Against eviction order, a case was filed by one Shri Khudiram Chakma and others before the Gauhati High Court in 1984.

In Contradiction

In contrary to the records of the court, thousands of Chakma families entered the state. It is relevant that one U. Chakma, Political Officer misguided the then Governor of Assam, Shri Vishnu Sahay to allowed the settlement of Chakmas in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. It can be asserted that U.Chakma deliberately misused his capacity to bring the Chakmas in the state.

As it is reliably found that P.N Luthra, Adviser to Governor of Assam wrote a letter dated 17th July 1964 to  U.Chakma stating that:

“No new settlement should be started in the vicinity of an old village except with the explicit and written consent of the villagers themselves. He warns U.Chakma. “You will recall that none of the first batch of 490 people was initiated entirely on your own and before the Administration gave approval”

“If these persons continue to come at their own initiative or on instruction issued by you, I regret to say, they will have to be returned to wherever they come from”

With the unabated influx since then the growth of the illegal migrants is big treat to indigenous people of the locality.

The growth of demography is questionable, in 1969, the population was 14,888 but in 1979 it reached up to 21,494. In 1991 it rose to 30,064 and it drastically rose to 65,000/- which indicates uncharacteristic rise of population by 400%.  The present population is more than 3 lakhs which is a steep rise and posing eminent treat to the indigenous population of the state of Arunachal Pradesh.

Since inception the AAPSU & the indigenous people of the state opposed the settlement of the Refugees.

25th August’1964, people of Namphai (Tirap District) submitted representation to P.N. Luthra, Advisor to NEFA citing life treat to locality.

1st June’1969, the people of Nampong (Tirap District) apprehended continuous entering of refugees in Miao & Vijay Nagar.

27th September’1976, the then C. C. Gohain, HMP seek the attention of the then K. A. A. Raja, Lt. Governor of A.P for confinement of the refugees or deportation.

The state government adopted private member resolutions and government resolutions on 23rd September’1980, 3rd December’1992, 9th September’1995 and the historic People Referendum Rally organised by All Arunachal Pradesh Students’ Union (AAPSU) attended by 60 MLAs from different political parties held on 20th September’1995 at Rajiv Gandhi Stadium, Naharlagun, for the total removal of Chakma and Hajongs refugee from Arunachal Pradesh.

In the year 2017 the people of the state has shown its anguish in different developments as the Consultative meeting, bandh call, one resolution of the All Party Meeting attended all political parties along with MoS Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju, Cabinets chaired by the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh on 19th June 2017.

Subsequently the Government of Arunachal Pradesh taking cognizance of the aspirations of the people has passed a resolution in the state Assembly in the month of October 2017.

Henceforth, the indigenous people of Arunachal Pradesh and AAPSU strongly oppose granting of citizenship to any refugee, illegal migrants, displaced people in the State of Arunachal Pradesh.

Criminal Cases

As per latest records there are 493 cases registered against Chakmas and Hajongs refugees.

There were more than 306 criminal cases registered against Chakmas and Hajongs upto 2011.

219-regular criminal cases. (211-Chakmas and 08 against hajongs). Eg. Diyun ZPM Ongla Singpho was brutally murdered by Chakmas. 87-Forest related cases. From  2011 to till 2017, the number of cases registered against the Chakmas and Hajongs relatively has increased in manifold, especially in reserved forest areas. Taking note of such criminal activities, the Chakmas and Hajongs are ineligible for conferment of Citizenship Rights.

There are numerous cases of crime in the Chakma and Hajong inhabited area which are unregistered and unknown.

In spite of the amenities being provided by government of Arunachal Pradesh as being sought by Santosh chakma in the previous meetings. The  activities of crime committed by Chakma and Hajong has been accepted by the leaders of the Chakma and Hajong themselves. However, awareness or rate of crime committed by the refugees have not decrease in spite of the assurance by the leaders.

The AAPSU has the following viewpoints.

1 Government of India in consultation with State Govt., must identify and verify those applicants who submitted applications for citizenship.

2 Government of India should put/ bring in record all cases of Criminal activities carried out by Chakma and Hajong Refugees.

3 The Government must issue clear cut instruction to concern authorities of respective districts not to issue any kind of official documents (PRC, TRC, LPC, birth certificate etc) to Chakmas and Hajongs without the prior approval of State government.

4 The government must identify those original 57 Chakmas families and identify who are Hajongs.

5 Since application for granting citizenship is under consideration, therefore, the Govt. must issue strict instructions to Chakmas and Hajongs to settle only in the designated Refugee camp.

6 Rampant deforestation of Reserved Forest Area and illegal hunting of rare species in the Reserved Forest Area must be protected and those involved in such cases be punished as per the provision of law.

7 Designated camp to be identified by Government of Arunachal Pradesh along with the All Arunachal Pradesh Students’ Union (AAPSU) for the settlement of the Chakma and Hajong refugees who migrated to Arunachal Pradesh during 1964-69.

8 The government should immediately constitute a committee for hearing and verifying the migrants with refugee cards who entered the state in between 1964 to 1969 who should be kept in designated camps/area. The illegal migrants should be sent out of the State of Arunachal Pradesh.

9 The AAPSU would like to question the Government of India regarding the  Status of Chakma and Hajong to be clarified whether they are refugee, displaced people or illegal migrants.

10 The State government had initially allotted six blocks in Changlang for the Chakma and Hajong refugees which was later increased to nine. However, the Chakma and Hajongs have are encroaching land beyond the blocks. All the such chakma and Hajong refugee confined only to the said blocks.

11 The Chakma and Hajong has formed an underground insurgent group (Arunachal Pradesh deprived people forum) by the Chakma and Hajong Students to terrorise the local indigenous people and Indians. Such element group should be banned and action should initiated against them.

We demand the immediate deletion of all the names of Chakma and Hajong refugees enrolled in electoral roll since the Chakma and Hajongs in Arunachal Pradesh are not the citizens of India and fresh enrolment should not be allowed till the matter of granting  Citizenship rights to them is not resolved.

We the indigenous people will never accept the granting of citizenship rights to Chakma and Hajongs in the State of Arunachal Pradesh.

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